We used a reciprocating saw and a scrap board against the newel post core to cut the rail to length at the proper angle. We used a Dewalt 20volt impact driver with a special threaded driv- er bit to insert the rail bolt into a predrilled hole in the end of the rail. We used a compass to lay out the baluster locations along the
length of the rail. The minimum baluster spacing is determined by the building code. A plumb bob showed where to transfer the rail markings to the top of the stringer caps.